What is the MRSA Infection?

Let’s Talk About the MRSA Infection

In our last blog, we discussed the top infectious diseases, how they spread, and how you can prevent contamination. In this blog, we’ll answer a question we’re asked on a daily basis: What is the MRSA infection? We’ll focus on this very common infectious disease, which is caused by a bacterium that has become resistant to most of the antibiotics that previously destroy it. It can, therefore, be a very deadly disease.

MRSA is a staph infection. Its name describes its dangerous resistance to antibiotics: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. “Methicillin” refers to the primary antibiotic that was used to destroy the bacteria and to which the bacteria have become immune. “Resistant” describes why the bacteria are so dangerous—they resist the most common and once-effective antibiotic that was used to destroy the bacteria. “Staphylococcus aureus,” referred to as “Staph,” is a group of very common and generally harmless bacteria, which are present most frequently in the human nose but also exist in other places like the armpit, groin, and throat.

What is the MRSA Infection & How Do You Get It?

The MRSA Staph infection affects primarily the skin, but it can enter the body and become life-threatening if it overwhelms the bloodstream and invades organs like the lungs and heart, causing lung, bone, bladder, and heart-valve infections. Because it is so difficult to treat, its chances of entering the bloodstream are much greater. You get MRSA staph infection in the following ways:

  • Contact through a skin abrasion with the surface of an inanimate object contaminated by MRSA bacteria. MRSA can live on surfaces for 8 weeks to over 6 months.
  • Contact through a skin abrasion with bacteria from an open wound of an infected person.

People most at risk have weakened immune systems, have open wounds making it easy for the bacteria to enter the body, or live or work in close physical contact with others. Military personnel, athletes, and people in day-care centers or nursing home are examples of high-risk candidates for MRSA infection.

Identifying the MRSA Staph Infection Symptoms

The MRSA infection looks like any other Staph infection, making diagnosing MRSA Staph infection symptoms tricky. You should become suspicious if your symptoms worsen and don’t respond to antibiotics. Then a bacteria culture should be taken to test specifically for MRSA. MRSA diagnosis begins with a bacteria culture that isolates the bacteria as Staph. The MRSA strain is recognized in the lab when the Staph bacteria are cultured in the presence of the antibiotic methicillin. If the bacteria continue to grow, the infection is then diagnosed as MRSA. MRSA Staph infection symptoms vary depending on where the infection is located.

These are the primary MRSA Staph Infection symptoms:

  • The presence on the skin of pus in boils, abscesses, carbuncles, and blisters.
  • Sties on the tissue around the eyes.
  • Small red bumps that may cause itching and may resemble insect bites.
  • Red, inflamed skin that feels hot to the touch.
  • Sepsis, which includes
    • Fever
    • Chills
    • Low blood pressure
    • Weakness
    • Mental deterioration

MRSA Staph Infection Treatment

Treatment of MRSA Staph Infection varies depending on the severity of the symptoms and location of the infection. If you show any of the above MRSA Staph Infection symptoms, you should seek medical attention.

  • Never try to drain skin boils, abscesses, carbuncles, and blisters yourself. You can make the infection worse and spread the bacteria.
  • Keep wounds clean and covered with a clean, dry bandage until they are healed, which will prevent bacteria spread.
  • Wash your hands often.

Emergency Infectious Disease Decontamination Services 24/7

Advanced Bio Treatment is here for you 24 hours every day of the year. ABT takes emergency decontamination phone calls and we will work with your insurance company.

Should you need our services, please call us at 800-295-1684.

 

The Top Infectious Diseases

The Top Infectious Diseases That Kill People

Do You Know What Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Measures Can Protect You?

Infectious diseases are THE leading cause of death in children and one of the leading causes of death in adults, according to the Center for Strategic International Studies. Infectious diseases come from microscopic organisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites that are passed from one person to another. In humans, the primary microbes that cause disease are bacteria and viruses.

Many bacteria can be killed with antibiotics and antibacterial cleaning agents. Hence, the diseases these bacteria cause can be cured. Increasingly, however, bacteria have become more lethal because they are developing resistance to antibiotics, like the infamous MRSA bacteria. Resistance comes from the overuse of antibiotics and antibacterial cleaning agents, which are the direct causes of “superbugs” like the dangerous MRSA bacteria. Examples of infectious diseases caused by bacteria are tuberculosis and some diarrheal diseases. Viruses have no cure. Examples of infectious diseases caused by viruses are:

  • HIV / AIDS
  • The Influenza Virus
  • Ebola Virus
  • Smallpox
  • Various Diarrheal Diseases

What are the Top Infectious Diseases?

The most common infectious disease in the world is hepatitis B, which is an inflammation of the liver that leads to cirrhosis and liver cancer. Its symptoms include jaundice, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain. Over 2 billion people worldwide are infected with this virus, which is incurable.

The top infectious diseases ranked by annual deaths are:

  • Respiratory infections
  • Malaria
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Tuberculosis
  • Diarrheal diseases such as: Escherichia coli (e coli), Listeria, and Cholera

Why should you be concerned with top infectious diseases that exist primarily on other continents? Because they are only a plane trip away from where you live. Remember that the HIV / AIDS virus, the 6th leading cause of death in the WORLD, once existed only in sub-Saharan Africa. The H1N1 influenza virus was rapidly carried around the world faster than any virus in history through air travel.

According to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, influenza kills over 36,000 people in the United States alone and hospitalizes at least 200,000. One of the things that makes influenza so dangerous and difficult to control is its notorious ability to change its genetic configuration. It morphs, in other words, into a whole new kind of influenza against which the human immune system is unable to defend itself, leaving scientists scrambling to find a way to combat the virus. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), severe and often fatal respiratory infections caused by viruses, arose in China and Saudi Arabia respectively and traveled rapidly around the world, including to the United States. The Ebola virus was relatively unknown and limited to small groups of people in West Africa until 2014 when the world experienced the worst and largest outbreak of Ebola ever recorded. Ebola infected tens of thousands of people worldwide.

How Are These Top Infectious Diseases Spread?

  • Direct contact of an uninfected person with bacteria or viruses present in the body fluids of an infected person, especially when the bacteria or virus comes in contact with the mucous membranes or skin abrasion of the uninfected person.
  • Direct contact with an infected animal through a bite or scratch or with infected animal waste.
  • Indirect contact with bacteria or viruses on surfaces of inanimate objects like table tops and door knobs. Microorganisms can survive on surfaces anywhere from a few minutes to a few months.
  • Ingestion of contaminated food or water.
  • Inhaling airborne bacteria and viruses.
  • Insect bites from insects like mosquitos, ticks, and fleas. This is how Malaria, Dengue Fever, Lyme Disease, West Nile virus, and Chikungunya, a virus that has only recently been reported to be locally acquired in the United States, are spread.

Symptoms of the Top Infectious Diseases

Each disease has its own unique symptoms, but most infectious diseases include the following:

  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle aches

Practicing Good Infectious Disease Prevention and Control

Because viruses are incurable and bacteria is becoming increasingly resistant to antimicrobial treatments, the most effective thing you can do is to practice good infectious disease prevention and control to stop the disease before it has a chance to spread. How effective these measures are depends on how rigorously and carefully they are practiced.

  • The best and most recommended infectious disease prevention and control measure is hand washing. The World Health Organization and the CDC both recommend frequent hand-washing as one of the most effective infectious disease prevention and control measures you can take.
    • Use soap and make water as hot as you can stand it.
    • Wash for at least 20 seconds.
    • Dry with a clean, unused paper towel and discard the towel.
  • Keep your hands away from mucous membranes like your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Handle food safely.
    • Thoroughly wash and cook food.
    • Sanitize preparation surfaces thoroughly before and after contact with food.
    • Refrigerate leftovers immediately.
  • Get vaccinated.
  • Use antibiotics responsibly.
    • They don’t cure viruses. Never ask for them or accept them for a virus.
    • Always finish the prescribed dosage.
    • Never take an antibiotic prescribed for someone else or prescribed for another condition.
  • Limit your contact with others if you display symptoms of an infectious disease.
  • Cover coughs and sneezes.
  • Never share items like toothbrushes, combs, razors, drinking glasses, and eating utensils.
  • When you travel, make sure you get any vaccinations specific for the region to which you are traveling.

 

 

Biohazard Waste Pick Up

Biohazard Waste Pick Up:

What Happens to That Blood-Soaked Mattress Removed from a Crime Scene?

After biohazard waste pick up job is completed, have you ever wondered where the contaminated objects end up? Traditionally, biohazardous waste is burned by large facilities that operate incinerators with modern pollution control equipment on smokestacks to minimize the impact of dangerous toxins escaping into the environment, and the leftover ash is then sent to landfills. Incinerating biohazardous waste effectively kills the pathogens, but it has its risks. Even though the incineration process done by trained professionals at medical facilities neutralizes potentially lethal agents, some toxins still find their ways into our water and air.

Today, much biohazardous waste is chemically decontaminated, irradiated, or autoclaved, which is sterilization with steam. Then, after decontamination, the biohazardous waste is taken to landfills. Today, there are over a hundred different technologies used in place of incineration to decontaminate biohazardous waste and make it safe to dispose of in landfills.

Choose a Reputable Biohazard Pick Up Company

Whatever method is used, you have to make sure that biohazard waste pick up is performed by a reputable company that specializes in biohazard waste disposal services like Advanced Bio Treatment, and that the company is licensed to transport the waste to a facility that is equally reputable and professional in decontaminating it, if decontamination is not performed on site, and then disposing of it.

When Advanced Bio-Treatment is called to clean up a crime, accident, death, or hoarding site, our technicians can’t always decontaminate everything affected. Sometimes upholstered furniture, mattresses, drapes, clothing, and even flooring material are saturated with bodily fluids or feces, which potentially contain dangerous pathogens, and they cannot be safely neutralized. The items have to be destroyed, but they can’t be thrown away with non-contaminated waste that goes directly to landfills.

First, the contaminated item must be professionally packaged to prevent cross-contamination when they leave the scene.

Next, a biohazard waste pick up service must transport the contaminated item from the premises to a facility that specializes in decontaminating biohazards using incineration, chemical, irradiation, or autoclaving technology.

Last, a biohazard waste pick up service must again transport the decontaminated biohazard to a landfill.

Biohazard Waste Disposal

Biohazardous waste, primarily human blood and other bodily fluids, can contain deadly pathogens like Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and HIV, which are potentially lethal if they come in direct contact with another person’s eyes, nose, mouth, or open wound or sore on the skin. ABT technicians not only professionally package biohazardous waste, using special, leak-proof biohazard bags and containers to prevent cross-contamination. We are also licensed to transport biohazardous waste from the scene to a reputable facility, with whom we have a relationship, which will decontaminate the waste and arrange for licensed biohazard waste pick up after decontamination for transport to a landfill with whom we also have a relationship. These professional relationships are important because landfills often will not accept decontaminated biohazardous waste unless they know and trust the company delivering it.

State Biohazard Waste Disposal Guidelines

Every state has its own set of biohazard waste disposal guidelines, but most all guidelines follow OSHA and EPA regulations. At the end of this article, we provideyou the links to the OSHA and EPA biohazard waste guidelines and the biohazard waste guidelines for every state.

EPA State Biohazard Waste Guidelines:

http://www3.epa.gov/epawaste/nonhaz/industrial/medical/programs.htm

OSHA Biohazard Waste Guidelines:

http://www.hercenter.org/rmw/osha-bps.cfm

ABT is YOUR Professional Biohazard Pick Up Team

Advanced Bio Treatment is one of the oldest, most reliable, and most experienced biohazard waste pick up and biohazard waste disposal companies in the country. We offer professional biohazard waste cleanup, removal, and biohazard waste disposal services that strictly adhere to OSHA, EPA, and state biohazard waste guidelines. Our team of experienced, highly trained experts is well versed in all biohazard waste guidelines set by these government agencies and by the states in which we operate.

We are here for you 24 hours every day of the year, and we take emergency calls and work with your insurance company. Should you need our services, please call us at 800-295-1684.